Neurological Consequences of COVID-19

Neurological Consequences of COVID-19

The knowledge and understanding of COVID-19 and its consequences is progressing, giving better insight into the heterogeneous nature of its acute and long-term effects. The available evidence on the pulmonary, cardiovascular, neurological, hematological, multisystem...

Clinical Features, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Erythema Multiforme

Clinical Features, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Erythema Multiforme

Erythema multiforme (EM): First described in 1866 by Ferdinand von Hebra as an acute, self-limited cutaneous disease characterized by multiform skin lesions, now called EM minor [1]. In 1950, Bernard A. Thomas classified EM into erythema multiforme minor (von Hebra)...

How to Perform an Oral Cyst Aspiration and Cytologic Smear

How to Perform an Oral Cyst Aspiration and Cytologic Smear

Cyst Aspiration A cyst is a membranous sac or cavity of abnormal character containing fluid. Indications for an Oral Cyst Aspiration For a jaw bone cyst lesion or any large soft tissue oral mucogingival cyst, aspirate the cyst aspiration.  To help diagnosis of...

How to Perform an Agar Slant Culture Test for Fungal Infections

How to Perform an Agar Slant Culture Test for Fungal Infections

The Sabouraud Agar Slant Culture test is used when fungal overgrowth of the oral tissues is suspected, and is used to confirm the diagnosis of a fungal infection.  Other adjunctive methods for the diagnosis of oral candidiasis include exfoliative cytology using...

Oral Pathology of Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Syphilis

Oral Pathology of Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Syphilis

Syphilis is actually on the rise, and there is a slight increase in the number of incidents of syphilis recently. California is the second most frequent location in the United States behind New York. Don't have time to read this article? We get it. Download the...

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Pictures of the Oral Cavity

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Pictures of the Oral Cavity

In our previous two articles, Oral pathology of Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, and Oral Pathology of Oral Pharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma and HPV, we looked at histological images, discussed biological profiles, trends, survival rates, and...

Oral Pathology of Oral Pharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma & HPV

Oral Pathology of Oral Pharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma & HPV

OPSCC in HPV Positive vs. HPV Negative Patients You have oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma that is still related to smoking and drinking. Because there is less male smoking and more female smoking it is evening out the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma in the...

Oral Pathology of Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Oral Pathology of Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In contrast to Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma with Stromal Eosinophilia, these lesions are squamous cell carcinomas of the tongue. They can look similar, but squamous cell carcinomas are a bit more involved. Don't have time to read this article? We get it. Download...

Oral Pathology of Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma and TUGSE

Oral Pathology of Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma and TUGSE

In this article we'll review pictures from a patient that had a dental procedure and then a few days later noticed concerning ulcerations on their lip resulting from post-operative trauma. Don't have time to read this article? We get it. Download the Diagnosing...

Oral Pathology of Aphthous Stomatitis and Crohn’s Disease

Oral Pathology of Aphthous Stomatitis and Crohn’s Disease

Sometimes patients will present with recurrent ulcerations of the oral cavity, and the frequency and severity are alarming. When this occurs you have to start thinking of factors that might cause these alterations. Don't have time to read this article? We get it....

Aphthous Stomatitis: Treatment, Diagnosis, and Clinical Pictures

Aphthous Stomatitis: Treatment, Diagnosis, and Clinical Pictures

In this blog, we will teach you how to diagnose and treat Aphthous Stomatitis and its' three main subtypes: minor, major, and herpetiform aphthae. Don't have time to read this article? We get it. Download the Diagnosing Vesicular Ulcerative Conditions checklist to get...

Oral Pathology of Secondary (Recurrent) Herpetic Eruptions

Oral Pathology of Secondary (Recurrent) Herpetic Eruptions

This can be understood as the migration of virus from ganglion to surface along the course of sensory nerves. Upon reaching the surface the herpes virus infects epithelial cells and reproduces. Secondary or recurrent herpes is something that most of us are familiar...

Understanding Oral Herpes: Primary Herpetic Gingivostomatitis

Understanding Oral Herpes: Primary Herpetic Gingivostomatitis

There are many different types of herpes virus. Additionally, you have your Zoster Virus, Epstein-barr virus associated with mononucleosis, and some lymphomas. You've got Cytomegalovirus, again mono-like syndrome, Roseola which is associated with Heck's disease, and...

What is Erythema Multiforme and the EM-TEN Spectrum?

What is Erythema Multiforme and the EM-TEN Spectrum?

Erythema multiforme is a mucocutaneous condition that can cause lesions of the mucous membranes and the skin. Here is how to diagnose and treat Erythema Multiforme and the EM-TEN Spectrum. Don't have time to read this article? We get it. Download the Diagnosing...

Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid Pictures, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid Pictures, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Something very similar to Pemphigus Vulgaris is Pemphigoid. Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid is a chronic autoimmune mucocutaneous vesiculobullous disease where autoantibodies target components of the basement membrane. Don't have time to read this article? We get it....

Pemphigus Vulgaris: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis

Pemphigus Vulgaris: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis

What is Pemphigus Vulgaris? Don't have time to read this article? We get it. Download the Diagnosing Vesicular Ulcerative Conditions checklist to get the key information and images from this article plus all the other conditions we cover in the Dentist's Guide to Oral...

What is the difference between a vesicle and an oral ulcer?

What is the difference between a vesicle and an oral ulcer?

We are going to review the differences between vesicles and ulcerations, two types of lesions found in an oral cavity. If you look at this oral mucosa decision tree for oral lesions, many of these lesions are classified as vesiculobullous or vesicular...

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