Insights

What is Erythema Multiforme and the EM-TEN Spectrum.

What is Erythema Multiforme and the EM-TEN Spectrum?

Erythema multiforme is a mucocutaneous condition that can cause lesions of the mucous membranes and the skin. Here is how to diagnose and treat Erythema Multiforme and the EM-TEN Spectrum ...
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Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid Histology Picture

Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid Pictures, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Something very similar to Pemphigus Vulgaris is Pemphigoid. Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid is a chronic autoimmune mucocutaneous vesiculobullous disease where autoantibodies target components of the basement membrane ...
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Pemphigus Vulgaris histology picture with annotations.

Pemphigus Vulgaris: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prognosis

What is Pemphigus Vulgaris? Pemphigus Vulgaris is a chronic mucocutaneous vesicular bullous condition, is autoimmune, and it's caused by antibodies that target the attachments between cells. These attachments, called desmosomes, are made by little proteins that make up the attachment between epithelial cells. In the condition, the epithelium just falls apart. Splitting and separation (acantholysis) of the epithelium occurs above the basal layer ...
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BruceBlaus [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], from Wikimedia Commons

Relieving Migraine Headache Pain with Trigeminal Nerve Stimulation

If you suffer from migraine headaches, you are not alone. In fact, the National Institutes of Health reports that around 12 percent of the U.S. population gets them. Migraine headaches are recurring attacks of pain that people experience which range from moderate to severe, including pain throbs or pulses. Many things trigger migraine headaches, including anxiety, stress, exposure to light, and even a lack of sleep or food ...
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What is the difference between a vesicle and an oral ulcer?

We are going to review the differences between vesicles and ulcerations, two types of lesions found in an oral cavity. If you look at this oral mucosa decision tree for oral lesions, many of these lesions are classified as vesiculobullous or vesicular ulcerative conditions ...
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